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Document type:
Zeitschriftenaufsatz 
Author(s):
Meyer, P.; Hartinger, M.; Sigler, S.; Kulozik, U. 
Title:
Concentration of milk and whey by membrane technologies in alternative cascade modes 
Abstract:
The aim of the present study was the evaluation of a membrane cascade comprised of ultrafiltration (UF) in series with reverse osmosis (RO) or nanofiltration (NF) in comparison to a single-stage process. It was found that the upstream UF accelerated the NF and the RO, whereby the effect was more distinct for the NF. The maximum volume reduction ratio (VRR) during skim milk and sweet whey concentration could be increased by 78 and 96{%}, respectively, by substituting a single NF by an UF-NF casca...    »
 
Keywords:
Membrane cascade; Nanofiltration; Reverse osmosis; skim milk; swee Whey; Ultrafiltration 
Journal title:
Food and Bioprocess Technology 
Year:
2017 
Journal volume:
10 
Journal issue:
Pages contribution:
674--686