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Document type:
Grüter, Benedikt; Bittner, Matthias; Rieck, Matthias; Diepolder, Johannes; Holzapfel, Florian 
Optimal Sequencing in ATM Combining Genetic Algorithms and Gradient Based Methods to a Bilevel Approach 
A bi-level algorithm is developed to determine the optimal arrival sequence w.r.t a specific upper level objective function, e.g. minimizing pollutant emissions or maximizing runway throughput. Within a sequence it is assumed that all aircraft are operated optimally (lower level optimization), minimizing individual fuel consumption. However, all aircraft trajectories adhere to constraints imposed by the upper level, such as time and distance separation. The algorithm combines a direct optimal co...    »
Book / Congress title:
ICAS 30th International Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences 
Covered by:
Scopus; Web of Science