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Document type:
Zeitschriftenaufsatz 
Author(s):
Londesborough, John; Dresel, Michael; Gibson, Brian; Juvonen, Riikka; Holopainen, Ulla; Mikkelson, Atte; Seppänen-Laakso, Tuulikki; Viljanen, Kaarina; Virtanen, Hannele; Wilpola, Arvi; Hofmann, Thomas; Wilhelmson, Annika 
Title:
Analysis of beers from an 1840s' shipwreck 
Abstract:
Two bottles of beer from an about 170-year-old shipwreck (M1 Fo 403.3) near the Aland Islands in the Baltic Sea were analyzed. Hop components and their degradation compounds showed that the bottles contained two different beers, one more strongly hopped than the other. The hops used contained higher levels of beta-acids than modern varieties and were added before the worts were boiled, converting alpha-acids to iso-alpha-acids and beta-acids to hulupones. High levels of organic acids, carbonyl c...    »
 
Journal title:
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 
Year:
2015 
Journal volume:
63 
Journal issue:
Pages contribution:
2525--2536 
Fulltext / DOI:
Print-ISSN:
0021-8561