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Document type:
Zeitschriftenaufsatz 
Author(s):
Heldt, Eugénia C. 
Title:
European Policy Failure during the Refugee Crisis: Partial Empowerment, Reluctant Agents, a Cacophony of Voices, and Unilateral Action 
Abstract:
How can we explain the EU’s policy failure during the refugee crisis? In this contribution, I argue that EU policy failure was a function of four causal mechanisms. First, a complex delegation design with partial empowerment of supranational institutions on migration and asylum policy issues hindered an effective response and strengthened disintegration dynamics. Second, a reluctant European Commission was unable to provide leadership during the refugee crisis. Third, Member States’ inability to...    »
 
Keywords:
Policy failure; Refugee crisis; Partial empowerment; Unilateral action; Delegation design 
Journal title:
EUI Working Papers RSCAS 
Year:
2018