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Author(s):
Krug, Florian; Wilwert, Jean 
Title:
Calculation and Measurement of Lock Time in a Phase Locked Loop Frequency Synthesizer 
Abstract:
An attempt is made to derive equations involved in predicting lock time and the transient response of synthesizer phase-locked loops (PLLs). A second-order and a fourth-order model are presented. The second-order model is an accurate and easy to use method to analyze the lock time. The fourth-order analysis uses no mathematical approximations other than the continuous-time approximation for the phase detector. Based on actual lock time measurements, it is demonstrated that even the simplest seco...    »
 
Journal title:
Microwave Journal 
Year:
2002 
Journal volume:
45 
Month:
apr 
Journal issue:
Pages contribution:
22--38