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Document type:
journal article 
Author(s):
Löwe, B; Wahl, I; Rose, M; Spitzer, C; Glaesmer, H; Wingenfeld, K; Schneider, A; Brähler, E 
Title:
A 4-item measure of depression and anxiety: validation and standardization of the Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4) in the general population. 
Abstract:
The 4-item Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4) is an ultra-brief self-report questionnaire that consists of a 2-item depression scale (PHQ-2) and a 2-item anxiety scale (GAD-2). Given that PHQ-4, PHQ-2, and GAD-2 have not been validated in the general population, this study aimed to investigate their reliability and validity in a large general population sample and to generate normative data.A nationally representative face-to-face household survey was conducted in Germany in 2006. The survey...    »
 
Journal title abbreviation:
J Affect Disord 
Year:
2010 
Journal volume:
122 
Journal issue:
1-2 
Pages contribution:
86-95 
Language:
eng 
Print-ISSN:
0165-0327 
TUM Institution:
Institut für Allgemeinmedizin