Bone regeneration after peri-implant care with the CO2 laser: a fluorescence microscopy study.
PURPOSE: The carbon dioxide (CO2) laser has been shown to be suitable for the treatment of ailing implants. However, comparatively little is known about bone regeneration after laser treatment. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the course of bone regeneration after peri-implant care with the CO2 laser. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 6 beagle dogs, a total of 60 implants and bony defects were treated either conventionally by air-powder abrasive (group 1), by laser irradiation alone (group 2), or by a combination of the 2 (group 3). After therapy, polychrome sequence labeling was performed using 4 different markers. Four months later, after sacrifice, histologic sections were photographed and scanned. In each specimen, the 4 stained areas were detected with special software and indicated as a percentage of the standardized measurement frame. Lastly, the time-course of the bone regeneration was determined for each of the 3 therapy groups. RESULTS: Fluorescence microscopy demonstrated maximum boneregeneration after 8 weeks in all 3 therapy groups. In this period, groups 2 and 3 showed significantly greater amounts of newly formed bone than group 1 (P< .03 and P< .05, respectively). However, there was no difference in bone regeneration between groups 2 and 3. DISCUSSION: Using fluoresence microscopy, it was possible to analyze and interpret the bone regeneration processes during all 4 application phases of the 3 groups. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the hypothesis that CO2 laser irradiation renders significantly more new bone formation, especially 5 to 8 weeks postoperatively, than conventional decontamination in the dog model. Further investigation will be required to determine the clinical efficacy.