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Document type:
journal article 
Author(s):
Eder, M; Waldenfels, FV; Swobodnik, A; Klöppel, M; Pape, AK; Schuster, T; Raith, S; Kitzler, E; Papadopulos, NA; Machens, HG; Kovacs, L 
Title:
Objective breast symmetry evaluation using 3-D surface imaging. 
Abstract:
This study develops an objective breast symmetry evaluation using 3-D surface imaging (Konica-Minolta V910(®) scanner) by superimposing the mirrored left breast over the right and objectively determining the mean 3-D contour difference between the 2 breast surfaces. 3 observers analyzed the evaluation protocol precision using 2 dummy models (n = 60), 10 test subjects (n = 300), clinically tested it on 30 patients (n = 900) and compared it to established 2-D measurements on 23 breast reconstructive patients using the BCCT.core software (n = 690). Mean 3-D evaluation precision, expressed as the coefficient of variation (VC), was 3.54 ± 0.18 for all human subjects without significant intra- and inter-observer differences (p> 0.05). The 3-D breast symmetry evaluation is observer independent, significantly more precise (p< 0.001) than the BCCT.core software (VC = 6.92 ± 0.88) and may play a part in an objective surgical outcome analysis after incorporation into clinical practice. 
Journal title abbreviation:
Breast 
Year:
2012 
Journal volume:
21 
Journal issue:
Pages contribution:
152-8 
Language:
eng 
Print-ISSN:
0960-9776 
TUM Institution:
Klinik und Poliklinik für Plastische Chirurgie und Handchirurgie ; Institut für Medizinische Statistik und Epidemiologie