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Document type:
journal article 
Author(s):
Pildner von Steinburg, Stephanie; Boulesteix, Anne-Laure; Lederer, Christian; Grunow, Stefani; Schiermeier, Sven; Hatzmann, Wolfgang; Schneider, Karl-Theodor M; Daumer, Martin 
Title:
What is the "normal" fetal heart rate? 
Abstract:
Aim. There is no consensus about the normal fetal heart rate. Current international guidelines recommend for the normal fetal heart rate (FHR) baseline different ranges of 110 to 150 beats per minute (bpm) or 110 to 160 bpm. We started with a precise definition of "normality" and performed a retrospective computerized analysis of electronically recorded FHR tracings. Methods. We analyzed all recorded cardiotocography tracings of singleton pregnancies in three German medical centers from 2000 to...    »
 
Journal title abbreviation:
PeerJ 
Year:
2013 
Journal volume:
Pages contribution:
e82 
Language:
eng 
TUM Institution:
Frauenklinik und Poliklinik