@article{ record00008,
author = "Dunlap, B. I. and Rosch, N. and Trickey, S. B.",
title = "Variational fitting methods for electronic structure calculations",
note = "ISI Document Delivery No.: 685NJ Times Cited: 16 Cited Reference Count: 88 Dunlap, Brett I. Roesch, Notker Trickey, S. B. Office of Naval Research; Naval Research Laboratory; State of Bavaria; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie (Germany) [02E10186]; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft; Fonds der Chemischen Industrie; U.S. Department of Energy [DE-SC0002139] We are grateful to the host of collaborators whose names appear with ours in the citations. The Office of Naval Research, directly and through the Naval Research Laboratory supported the research of BID. NR was supported in part by the Munich Center of Advanced Computing funded by the State of Bavaria, Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie (Germany, grant no. 02E10186), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and Fonds der Chemischen Industrie. SBT was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy grant DE-SC0002139. 16 Taylor & francis ltd Abingdon Si",
journal = "Molecular Physics",
year = "2010",
volume = "108",
number = "21-23",
pages = "3167-3180",
abstract = "We review the basics and the evolution of a powerful and widely applicable general approach to the systematic reduction of computational burden in many-electron calculations. Variational fitting of electron densities (either total or partial) has the great advantage, for quantum mechanical calculations, that it respects the stationarity property, which is at the heart of the success of the basis set expansion methods ubiquitous in computational chemistry and materials physics. The key point is easy. In a finite system, independent of whether the fitted charge distribution is constrained to contain the proper amount of charge, variational fitting guarantees that the quantum mechanical total energy retains the stationarity property. Thus, many-electron quantum mechanics with variational fitting of an electronic density in an incomplete density-fitting basis set behaves similarly as the exact quantum mechanical energy does when evaluated with an incomplete basis set to fit wavefunctions or spin-orbitals. Periodically bounded systems are a bit more subtle but the essential stationarity is preserved. This preservation of an exact property is quite distinct from truncation of the resolution of the identity in a basis. Variational fitting has proven to have benefits far beyond the original objective of making a Gaussian-orbital basis calculation of an early density functional computationally feasible. We survey many of those developments briefly, with guidance to the pertinent literature and a few remarks about the connections with Quantum Theory Project.",
doi = "10.1080/00268976.2010.518982",
}