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Studies on an initial top quark mass measurement at ATLAS in the lepton+jets t¯t decay channel and alignment of the Pixel and SCT subdetectors 
Übersetzter Titel:
Studien für eine initiale Messung der Topquarkmasse mit ATLAS in dem Lepton+Jets t¯t Zerfallskanal und Alignment der Pixel und SCT Teildetektoren 
Fakultät für Physik 
Bethke, Siegfried (Prof. Dr.) 
Paul, Stephan (Prof. Dr.) 
PHY Physik 
The main topic of this thesis is a commissioning style top quark mass analysis using the ATLAS experiment at CERN. The analysis focusses on top quark pair decays in the lepton+jets decay channel. Only kinematic selection cuts and no b-tagging information is used for the event selection. This analysis is suitable for the commissioning phase of the ATLAS detector, with not yet final calibration and an incomplete understanding of the detector performance. Different methods for the reconstruction of the hadronic side of the top quark pair decays are studied and the effect of imposing the known W boson mass as constraint on the reconstruction is investigated. The analysis is modified in several ways to estimate the influence of systematic effects. The influence of the jet selection kinematics on the reconstructed top quark mass is studied, as well as the underlying jet algorithm definition and variations of the jet energy scale. The different jet algorithms under consideration are cone type and kT type algorithms with a set of different steering parameters. The cone jet algorithm with the steering parameter Rcone = 0.4 and the inclusive kT algorithm with the steering parameter R = 0.4 give the best performance. Although the top quark mass analysis is suited for the commissioning phase of the ATLAS detector, the performance of the ATLAS detector still affects the quality of the event selection. A high quality alignment of the ATLAS Inner Detector is required for an efficient lepton reconstruction and consequently for an optimal event selection. In the second part of this thesis the Local &chi² alignment approach is presented. The approach is used for the alignment of the Pixel and SCT subdetectors. The approach is first validated on a small detector setup with data that was collected in a combined testbeam run in 2004. Finally the Local &chi² alignment approach is used for the alignment of the whole Pixel and SCT subdetectors with cosmic ray data collected in fall 2008. 
Übersetzte Kurzfassung:
Der Schwerpunkt dieser Arbeit sind Studien für eine Topquarkmassenanalyse mit dem ATLAS Experiment am CERN. Die Analyse ist für die Phase der Inbetriebnahme des ATLAS Detektors gedacht und beschränkt sich auf Topquarkpaarzerfälle in dem Lepton+Jets Zerfallskanal. Für die Ereignisselektion werden ausschließlich kinematische Selektionsschnitte verwendet und bewusst keine b-tagging Information. Dadurch ist die Analyse für die anfängliche Inbetriebnahmephase des ATLAS Detektors geeignet. Diese Phase...    »
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