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Article; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial 
Kohler, Benedikt; Kellerer, Christina; Schultz, Konrad; Wittmann, Michael; Atmann, Oxana; Linde, Klaus; Hapfelmeier, Alexander; Schneider, Antonius 
An Internet-Based Asthma Self-Management Program Increases Knowledge About Asthma. 
BACKGROUND: Asthma education (AE) is associated with reduced hospitalization and disability. We compared the effectiveness of an electronic AE program (eAEP) with a conventional face-to-face AE program (presence-based AEP; pAEP) for asthma knowledge (AK) with regard to self-management. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot study was conducted in a pulmonary reha- bilitation clinic. AK was determined by means of the Asthma Knowledge Test (AKT). The change in AKT score within each group was calculated with a paired t-test. Group differences were estimated with adjusted linear regression models. RESULTS: In the intervention group (n = 41), the AKT score increased from 41.57 (standard deviation 5.63) at baseline to 45.82 (3.84) after completion of the eAEP (p < 0.001), and again to 47.20 (3.78) after completion of the pAEP (p = 0.046). In the control group (n = 41), the score increased from 41.73 (4.74) at baseline to 45.72 (3.65) after completion of the pAEP (p < 0.001). There was no relevant differ- ence in knowledge gain between the eAEP and the pAEP group after completion of the corresponding educational sessions (p = 0.881). The AKT score was higher in the eAEP group after obligatory participation in pAEP than in the group that only completed the pAEP (p = 0.020). CONCLUSION: An internet-based AEP could help to reduce the knowledge deficits of a large proportion of patients with asthma. 
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TUM Einrichtung:
Institut für Medizinische Statistik und Epidemiologie; Lehrstuhl für Allgemeinmedizin (Prof. Schneider) (keine SAP-Zuordnung!)