Impact of coronary anatomy and stenting technique on long-term outcome after drug-eluting stent implantation for unprotected left main coronary artery disease.
This study sought to evaluate the impact of anatomic and procedural variables on the outcome of the unprotected left main coronary artery (uLMCA) itself after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.There is a controversial debate regarding when and how to perform percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for an uLMCA stenosis.This analysis is based on a randomized study of 607 patients undergoing PCI for uLMCA, randomized 1:1 to receive paclitaxel- or sirolimus-eluting stents. We evaluated the impact of the SYNTAX score, uLMCA anatomy, and stenting technique on in-stent restenosis (ISR), target lesion revascularization (TLR), and the 3-year outcomes.The 3-year cardiac mortality rate was 5.8%; 235 (39%) patients had a true bifurcation lesion (TBL), and the median SYNTAX score was 27. TBL was associated with a higher need for multiple stents (72% vs. 37%, p < 0.001). TBL was a significant predictor of ISR (23% vs. 14%, p = 0.008) and for TLR (18% vs. 9%, p < 0.001). The need for multiple stents was a predictor of ISR (22% vs. 13%, p = 0.005) and for TLR (16% vs. 9%, p = 0.005). Culotte stenting showed better results compared with T-stenting for ISR (21% vs. 56%, p = 0.02) and for TLR (15% vs. 56%, p < 0.001). We observed a significant association between uLMCA-TLR and SYNTAX scores (9.2% for scores <= 22, 14.9% for scores 23 to 32, and 13.0% for scores >= 33, p = 0.008).PCI of uLMCA lesions with DES is safe and effective out to 3 years. TBL and multiple stents were independent predictors for ISR. In the multivariate analysis, independent predictors for TLR were TBL, age, and EuroSCORE (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation). (Drug-Eluting-Stents for Unprotected Left Main Stem Disease [ISAR-LEFT-MAIN]; NCT00133237).