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Document type:
Journal Article; Observational Study 
Phillip, Veit; Saugel, Bernd; Ernesti, Christina; Hapfelmeier, Alexander; Schultheiß, Caroline; Thies, Philipp; Mayr, Ulrich; Schmid, Roland M; Huber, Wolfgang 
Effects of paracentesis on hemodynamic parameters and respiratory function in critically ill patients. 
Ascites is a major and common complication of liver cirrhosis. Large or refractory ascites frequently necessitates paracentesis. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of paracentesis on hemodynamic and respiratory parameters in critically ill patients.Observational study comparing hemodynamic and respiratory parameters before and after paracentesis in 50 critically ill patients with advanced hemodynamic monitoring. 28/50 (56%) required mechanical ventilation.Descriptive statistics are presented as mean ± standard deviation for normally distributed data and median, range, and interquartile range (IQR) for non-normally distributed data. Comparisons of hemodynamic and respiratory parameters before and after paracentesis were performed by Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Bivariate relations were assessed by Spearman's correlation coefficient and univariate regression analyses.Median amount of ascites removed was 5.99 L (IQR, 3.33-7.68 L). There were no statistically significant changes in hemodynamic parameters except a decrease in mean arterial pressure (-7 mm Hg; p = 0.041) and in systemic vascular resistance index (-116 dyne·sec/cm5/m2; p = 0.016) when measured 2 hours after paracentesis. In all patients, oxygenation ratio (PaO2/FiO2; median, 220 mmHg; IQR, 161-329 mmHg) increased significantly when measured immediately (+58 mmHg; p = 0.001), 2 hours (+9 mmHg; p = 0.004), and 6 hours (+6 mmHg); p = 0.050) after paracentesis. In mechanically ventilated patients, lung injury score (cumulative points without x-ray; median, 6; IQR, 4-7) significantly improved immediately (5; IQR, 4-6; p < 0.001), 2 hours (5; IQR, 4-7; p = 0.003), and 6 hours (6; IQR 4-6; p = 0.012) after paracentesis.Paracentesis in critically ill patients is safe regarding circulatory function and is related to immediate and sustained improvement of respiratory function. 
Journal title abbreviation:
BMC Gastroenterol 
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TUM Institution:
II. Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik (Gastroenterologie); Institut für Medizinische Statistik und Epidemiologie