Sprague, Lisa D.; Mengele, Karin; Schilling, Daniela; Geurts-Moespot, Anneke; Sweep, Fred C.G.J.; Stadler, Peter; Schmitt, Manfred; Molls, Michael
Effect of Reoxygenation on the Hypoxia-Induced Up-Regulation of Serine Protease Inhibitor PAI-1 in Head and Neck Cancer Cells
In squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), hypoxia is considered a crucial physiological modulator for malignant progression, wherebythe plasminogen activation system is involved in overlapping functions such as moulding of the extracellular matrix, cell proliferation and signal transduction. Little is known about the effects of reoxygenation on the plasminogen activation system in SCCHN cells. Three human SCCHN cell lines (BHY, CAL27, FaDu) and a non-transformed human fibroblast cell line (VH7) were exposed to hypoxic (<0.5% O2) conditions for up to 72 h and subsequently reoxygenated at normoxic conditions for 24 h. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) protein concentration and former protein activity were determined by ELISA and complex ELISA, respectively. Reoxygenation induced significant changes in cell-associated and secreted PAI-1 protein compared to the normoxic control. Significant increase in cell-associated and secreted uPA protein after reoxygenation was only observed for some of the cell lines. Determination of uPA-PAI-1 complex formation revealed the release of active protein into the cell supernatant. The beneficial role of reoxygenation during radiation therapy is widely accepted. However, reoxygenation does not seem to counteract the effects induced by hypoxia on the plasminogen activation system. Fatally irradiated reoxygenat- ed tumour cells might still produce sufficient amounts of ‘harmful’ protein and thus initiate a path for invasion and metastasis for surviving tumour cells.
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator; Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; Hypoxia; Reoxygenation; Head and neck cancer
Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG-geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.