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Dokumenttyp:
journal article 
Autor(en):
Ipach, I; Schäfer, R; Mittag, F; Leichtle, C; Wolf, P; Kluba, T 
Titel:
The development of whole blood titanium levels after instrumented spinal fusion - is there a correlation between the number of fused segments and titanium levels? 
Abstract:
Most modern spinal implants contain titanium and remain in the patient's body permanently. Local and systemic effects such as tissue necrosis, osteolysis and malignant cell transformation caused by implants have been described. Increasing tissue concentration and whole blood levels of ions are necessary before a disease caused by a contaminant develops. The aim of the present study was the measurement of whole blood titanium levels and the evaluation of a possible correlation between these chang...    »
 
Zeitschriftentitel:
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 
Jahr:
2012 
Band / Volume:
13 
Seitenangaben Beitrag:
159 
Sprache:
eng 
TUM Einrichtung:
r Medizinische Statistik und Epidemiologie