Ndrepepa, G; Braun, S; Haase, HU; Schulz, S; Ranftl, S; Hadamitzky, M; Mehilli, J; Schömig, A; Kastrati, A
Prognostic value of uric acid in patients with acute coronary syndromes.
The association between uric acid and cardiovascular disease is incompletely understood. In particular, the prognostic value of uric acid in patients with acute coronary syndromes who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention has not been studied. This study included 5,124 patients with acute coronary syndromes who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention: 1,629 with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, 1,332 with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, and 2,163 with unstable angina. The primary end point was 1-year mortality. Patients were divided into quartiles according to uric acid level as follows: quartile 1, 1.3 to<5.3 mg/dl; quartile 2, 5.3 to<6.3 mg/dl; quartile 3, 6.3 to<7.5 mg/dl; and quartile 4, 7.5 to 18.4 mg/dl. There were 450 deaths during follow-up: 80 deaths in quartile 1, 77deaths in quartile 2, 72 deaths in quartile 3, and 221 deaths in quartile 4 of uric acid (Kaplan-Meier estimates of 1-year mortality 6.4%, 6.2%, 5.6%, and 17.4%, respectively; unadjusted hazard ratio 3.05, 95% confidence interval 2.54 to 3.67, p<0.001 for fourth vs first quartile of uric acid). After adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, renal function, and inflammatory status, the association between uric acid and mortality remained significant, with a 12% increase in the adjusted risk for 1-year mortality for every 1 mg/dl increase in the uric acid level. Uric acid improved the discriminatory power of the predictive model regarding 1-year mortality (absolute integrated discrimination improvement 0.008, p = 0.005). In conclusion, elevated levels of uric acid are an independent predictor of 1-year mortality across the whole spectrum of patients with acute coronary syndromes treated with percutaneous coronary intervention.