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Author(s):
Gorbea, C.; Fricke, E.; Lindemann, U. 
Title:
Life Cycle Cost Modeling of Hybrid Vehicles During Early Product Architecture Development 
Abstract:
Understanding the factors that affect life cycle costs in the earliest stages of product development bring valuable insights for vehicle architecture decision making. This study presents a life cycle costing model used to compare hybrid electric vehicle architectures with varying levels of electrification to a reference conventional car. The work presented highlights the importance of considering total costs of ownership (COO) and operation alongside manufacturing costs in making strategic busin...    »
 
Keywords:
Life Cycle Cost Modelling Product Architecture Total Cost of Ownership and Operation Scenario based Optimization 
Book / Congress title:
ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference 
Congress (additional information):
30.08.-02.09.2009 
Congress city:
San Diego, CA 
Publisher:
ASME 
Year:
2009